Let’s get acquainted with the possibilities and novelties of the building materials market used for the construction of an environmentally friendly roof.
Modern man is used to buying everything he needs. And building your own house is no exception: having started such an important business, we first of all get acquainted with the possibilities and novelties of the building materials market. Although more recently, the common expression about three obligatory things that a real man must do in his life (give birth to a son, plant a tree and build a house) was taken more literally.
- Reeds, straw, heather, banana leaves and seaweed
- Soil is also a roof covering
- Green roof
When choosing materials for covering the roof of your own house, pay attention to natural ones. By giving preference to natural roofing materials, you can demonstrate the inherent ability of a real man to make big money, because eco-roofing is an expensive pleasure. Or your ability to build your house with your own hands, if you do not trust any of the three important male affairs to outsiders.
Reeds, straw, heather, banana leaves and seaweed
In addition to wood, other parts of plants were also used for roofing: leaves and stems. And not even plants, because algae are not plants.
The choice of material depended on its availability: if bananas grow nearby, it means that banana leaves were used for the roof. And if the forest is cut down for fuel for salt furnaces, as, for example, on the island of Lesø in Denmark, then there is nothing to do but to make a roof from seaweed brought by the sea.
Algae and palm leaves are exotic types of roofing materials for us. Much more common (especially in the southern regions) are straw and reeds (or reeds).
Straw, reeds or the same algae are not only a roof covering that protects the underlying roof structure from precipitation, but also a heat insulator. The technology of laying reed (straw, reeds, heather or any other plant material) involves the creation of a thick layer (40-50 cm). The thermal resistance of such a coating is comparable to the technical characteristics of extruded polystyrene foam. So, arranging a thatched or thatched roof, you kill two birds with one stone: you get a waterproof coating, and there is no need to insulate the roof.
Soil is also a roof covering
Clay, due to its qualities, can serve as a waterproofing agent, creating a “clay castle”. In some regions, the roofs were covered not only with clay pottery (ceramic tiles), but also by laying the clay itself on the roof surface. The same straw and reeds could serve as the basis for such a covering. A layer of clay on top of the straw eliminated the main disadvantage of the plant material roof – fire hazard.
The most common adobe roofs in Asia. The flat adobe roofs here are an exploited part of the house, an addition to the yard. However, adobe brick roofs are available not only for small private houses: mosques, khanakas and mausoleums of Bukhara, Samarkand or Khiva also have roofs and domes made of clay bricks.
Adobe or adobe roofs in hot areas serve to keep the coolness inside the buildings. Where it is not as hot as in Central Asia, you can grow a lawn or a flower bed on a roof covered with soil.
Greening roofs is a fashionable trend at the junction of landscape design and architecture. And the fashionable ecological trend of green roofs increases the area of green spaces in cities, relieves the load from storm sewers, and increases the energy efficiency of buildings.
Sod roofs are far from a modern invention. Perhaps this is one of the oldest types of roofing artificially created by man to protect his home. The sod layer protects the premises from heat and cold.
Eco-style roofs are an increasingly popular trend. It is beautiful and stylish, and often natural roofs are more technological than their artificial cousins. They create a more correct, from the point of view of human life, microclimate – an optimal balance between heat conservation, humidity and ventilation. And in terms of durability and maintainability, they are in no way inferior, and often surpass, modern coatings.
But, like anything fashionable, natural roofing materials are expensive. However, for those who want to arrange an environmentally friendly, functional and original roof for their home, the use of natural materials opens up wide opportunities. Unlike artificial roofs, almost all of the listed roof options are available for self-implementation. Indeed, it is difficult to imagine that you have undertaken to make shingles in your barn.
But it is quite possible to make a wooden shingle yourself, because the ancestors did just that. And by the way, for the production of modern wooden shingles or shingles, which cost a lot of money, for the most part they still use manual labor.
Reed and straw coverings do not require any pre-fabrication at all. To create a sod roof, there are modern analogues of birch bark (ancestors used it as a waterproofing layer), and summer residents can only arrange a lawn or raise a flower garden on the roof. Maybe you should try? published by econet.ru
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