Society in the biological sense of the word is divided into women and men. Gender characteristics consider the signs by which people are assigned the norm of psychological habits or behavior of both sexes. Are masculinity and femininity really synonymous with feminine and masculine? And what are the characteristic differences?
People differ physiologically. The characteristics of the organism shape the traits, body structure and reproductive abilities. However, in the social world, it is customary to ascribe characteristic qualities to each child that are expected to be seen in the norm of psychological behavior in the future. For example, some conservative parenting parents want boys to be determined, brave, and strong, and girls to be gentle, kind, and polite. But masculinity and femininity are more than just gender.
When humanity invented the alphabet, it attributed the term “man” to all people who have a certain set of biological characteristics. Nature has created representatives of humanity with a different physiological structure. But, living in society, it is impossible to protect yourself from all attitudes. So the concept of masculinity and femininity arose, indicating the prescribed social norms of behavior for men or women.
It is impossible to change congenital features without professional surgical intervention. Despite the assertion, individual character traits indicate that anyone has the right to identify himself as he considers correct.
Social attitudes have defined the categories of masculinity and femininity, but their changes have been inevitable due to the passage of time. Prescriptions that were relevant in the last century are no longer unique now, because they do not take into account modern views. Gender gives an idea of the social field, determines the norm of behavior in society and how it is perceived.
The masculine and feminine apply to both groups, because the qualities cannot be inherent only to certain representatives of the globe. So, femininity is not only about the behavior of girls, but also about guys. However, social dogmas actively promote the framework in the character, sharing traits among themselves.
Historical formation: preconditions
Evolution has created two concepts, dividing the world into masculinity and femininity. The first concept was attributed to hunters, earners, succeeding in assignments. They were engaged in the protection and collection of food on hikes on animals. Large, bold, purposeful – such qualities were used to describe men of the past. Some features were added to them, such as physical strength, tactical thinking and courage.
The female half of the population, on the contrary, was engaged in household affairs, collecting herbs for cooking. The ancient people believed that the main human instinct was reproduction, and therefore a union was created for procreation. Often, the leaders chose candidates whose beauty of the female body was different from the rest. Historically, girls began to be credited with tenderness due to the lack of pronounced physical strength, as well as love for children and housekeeping.
Creation of stereotypes
The change of centuries only strengthened the falsely idealized images. The notions that have entered the culture have firmly settled down, becoming the norm of behavior. Societal perceptions of action outside the box lead to men being criticized for expressing emotions, and girls being judged for not wanting to have children.
In a biological sense, man is a social animal. The cultural environment has shaped in the minds of people the views on what kind of behavior is standard for the interlocutor of a certain gender. So, femininity in psychology is character traits suitable for women. They are reflected in individual personal qualities, which are instilled by parents from childhood.
Cultural views on behavioral differences continue to strengthen in adulthood. The most common misconceptions about men are:
- Cold-blooded, persistent and fearless.
- They have logical thinking and are practical.
- They pay attention to women, provide financial support.
- They do not know how to cry and show warm emotions.
The female half of the population is not deprived of the spectrum of stereotypes in modern society. So, the most popular of them are:
- Excessive emotionality, fearfulness, tearfulness.
- Irrationality, inability to cope with accurate calculations.
- Help men feel. They love children immensely.
- Romantic, airy and inspiring natures.
These prejudices put men and women on opposite sides and cause more negative than positive effects. Maintaining prejudice strengthens them, which emphasizes disrespect for both sexes.
Gender differences: is it relevant?
Faced with a situation where a person does not fit the given framework of masculinity and femininity, the self-esteem of the individual can be threatened. It should be understood that each individual is a set of traits and qualities that are not characteristic of the rest.
In the modern world, it is not difficult to find men caring for children, or women who are involved in the main family income and career growth. Stereotypical views on norms have long been blurred, because femininity is just behavior within the framework of society’s perception. Cultural expectations emerged naturally from differences in size, physical strength, and division of labor between men and women.
Traditional roles have ceased to be relevant today. The world develops by allowing people to become free from prejudice. Nevertheless, humanity, clinging to habit, nourishes the established old roles, because it fears instant change.