We will learn professional advice on how to save on construction and not lose the quality of the structure itself.
We have prepared for you 10 life hacks from professional builders who do not want to unreasonably raise the cost of construction and value high-quality, solid and durable houses themselves.
10 life hacks from professional builders
- 1. Choose blocks – get fast construction and warm home
- 2. Mineral wool (mineral wool) / basalt wool – the best option for insulation
- 3. Is it worth ordering the services of full cycle construction firms
- 4. Refuse the services of an architect and interior designer
- 5. Built-in storage furniture will solve many of your problems
- 6. Equip the boiler room correctly
- 7. Do not put an island or a bar counter (even if you really want to)
- 8. Select an underfloor heating system
- 9. Buy a block of panoramic glazing in the floor with sliding doors and access to the terrace
- 10. A suspended ceiling will make your interior look twice as expensive
1. Choose blocks – get fast construction and warm home
Think carefully before you build a log house or a log house, which will not only cost 3-4 times more initially, but also “eat up” about 1 million rubles over the next few years for antiseptic, oil painting, etc.
Building a brick house is also not the most practical option. At a cost, a brick is more expensive than ceramic and concrete blocks, but the walls are so wide that no panoramic windows will give it a feeling of lightness.
It is best to choose blocks, while the ceramic block is more expensive than concrete, but it is much more environmentally friendly and the house ends up being drier.
On average, every 100 sq. meters of a house from a ceramic block is under construction for about 1 month, including partitions and installation of insulation, as well as a roof.
2. Mineral wool (mineral wool) / basalt wool – the best option for insulation
Glass wool shrinks, is more unpredictable and, in principle, is suitable for insulating only frame structures for summer residence. Mineral wool (and basalt) is a real, high-quality, full-fledged insulation. It is attached to the wall of a block house with an adhesive solution.
After a layer of mineral wool, there is a layer of adhesive solution, then a reinforcing glass section, then a primer layer, and then a layer of plaster. So you get a high-quality and durable facade without problems. The glass wool itself is mounted on dowels, which then will not be visible under layers of other solutions.
In total, you get a house made of a ceramic block with a wall width of 40 cm + 8 cm of mineral wool. You can insulate the floor with the same mineral wool, a layer of 20-30 cm, a roof with a layer of 30 cm.
The cost of insulating a house with mineral wool will be from about 100 thousand rubles for a small house of 100 sq. meters on one floor, excluding the work of installers and delivery.
3. Is it worth ordering the services of full cycle construction firms
The estimate cannot be controlled in full-cycle firms, which are responsible for everything: from leveling the plot to furnishing. As a result, as practice shows, many receive unjustified bills for incomprehensible services, which, in principle, are not expensive, but in general occupy about 10-20% of the budget for construction projects.
When you receive all the invoices, all the estimates from one firm, you will not be able to quickly understand them, understand what was paid for and whether it corresponds to the declared quality and design.
For example, the porch cost you 50 thousand rubles, but you will receive a bill for 100 thousand rubles and you will not even understand that this is a lot, since the rest of the costs will be much higher and a small line will not attract your attention.
Way out: hire builders for each stage of work gradually, or separately. Let the breaks between signing the “acceptance certificate” of each stage in the amount of 400-500 thousand rubles be one or two weeks, so that you have time to understand whether the work has been done at all and at what level.
4. Refuse the services of an architect and interior designer
You can easily do without an architect or interior designer. Firstly, the projects of cottages are sold in the public domain, they are clear and modern, and the fact that another 100 cottages will be built on the basis of the same project throughout Russia, in principle, should not upset you somehow. Secondly, the interior design can be calculated and chosen either by yourself in the process of renovation and even life, or by a finishing company, which usually does not take any payment for it.
5. Built-in storage furniture will solve many of your problems
Thanks to the built-in furniture, you can save quite a lot of money and nerves. Immediately after your cottage is completed, while the rooms still smell of wallpaper glue and there is not a single scratch on the laminate, order absolutely every bedroom with a built-in wardrobe. Inexpensive, locally sourced, light white, beige or gray. Ideally with full-length large mirrors in the center.
You end up with the perfect storage space for the price of probably one small closet in a store in the same style. Usually a wardrobe with dimensions of 3.6 by 2.4 meters costs about 50 thousand rubles (for example, white, in the neoclassical style, with engraving on mirrors and all doors with mirrors). If you buy a neoclassical wardrobe in a classic swing version, then it will most likely be two wardrobes, each of which costs the same. The cheapest wardrobes of about the same dimensions (3 by 2.5 m) cost from 30 thousand rubles.
6. Equip the boiler room correctly
The boiler room must be of sufficient size to accommodate not only an electric or gas boiler, but also additional household items that in any case appear during life in a country house.
It is best if the area of your boiler room is about 12-14 sq. meters, which will allow you to include in the layout:
- boiler for heating water;
- all pipes for heating and water;
- gas cylinder (metal) for cooking and a spare cylinder;
- washing and drying machine;
- a place for hanging clothes;
- freezer for meat;
- sink (for household, non-food needs);
- portable grill for the garden;
- countertop (for various types of work, in fact, as a kitchen set 1.5 meters;
- a place for storing sports equipment (as a rule, in the garage, it can easily smell of gasoline), such as bicycles, rollers, skis, children’s cars, etc.
It is very good if between the boiler room and the hallway or hall there is another walk-through room with a wardrobe for household storage.
A properly equipped furnace / boiler room / boiler room will help you avoid: drying clothes in the living room, a huge double refrigerator in the kitchen, dirty household items in the kitchen sink, barbecue in the wrong places in winter, storing sports equipment in the garage that smells of gasoline and other inconvenient and unpleasant everyday moments.
It is better to plan a large boiler room right away so that you do not have to spend money on solving these problems in a more expensive way (for example, an extension of a veranda-balcony with glazing for hanging the washed clothes!).
7. Do not put an island or a bar counter (even if you really want to)
First, they take up space that can be used to increase the area of the headset, which will actually be used every day, if not every hour of life. In the future, you will find out that using the island and the bar is not as convenient as it seems, especially given the instability of the chairs and the inability to adjust their size and height for each specific family member.
As a result, the best option would be to abandon the island or the bar and put in the kitchen a large (!) Dining group for four people (with a table 1.4 x 90 cm!), And put another larger table in the separate dining room to receive guests. If there is no second dining room – it’s okay, two more half-chairs can be easily attached to such a large table on both sides.
If you really dream of such a layout, the best solution is a “peninsula” with a worktop, as in the photo below. You get the right look for an open-plan interior and a comfortable dining room.
8. Select an underfloor heating system
Of course, this option is very controversial due to its high cost. But the number of houses with panoramic glazing in the floor is constantly growing, and you hardly want to put radiators in front of the windows. All the myths that you can’t heat a house at -40 in Siberia with a warm floor are just myths. A well-arranged warm floor is an excellent heating option for a home from St. Petersburg to Vladivostok.
At the same time, many believe that in order for the air in the house to be warm, you will have to heat the floor for a hot state – this is not true. The fact is that ordinary radiators are so ineffective that they have an area of 1 sq. meter by 15 sq. meters of room space and they have to be hot to heat the house efficiently. The warm floor has an area of 15 sq. meters by 15 sq. meters of the area of the room, and it can only be slightly warm.
How the system works: you buy a gas boiler that heats water in a hot water field, your water in taps for the bathroom and kitchen. And that’s it! At the same time, the warm floor works in such a way that the air in the room always remains fresh, and the floor is incredibly warm, while the radiators overheat the air, but in the end you will have to walk around the house in slippers, even if you put the parquet on the insulation.
Workers install underfloor heating so that different zones are turned on at your request – if the house is up to 150 sq. meters, it makes sense to heat it all at once, if more than 150 sq. meters, you can make separate branches for guest bedrooms, study, home theater, which are not used constantly, etc.
9. Buy a block of panoramic glazing in the floor with sliding doors and access to the terrace
This is not a cheap pleasure. Cost: about 18-28 thousand rubles per square meter. We are talking about warm glazing made of plastic or aluminum, which will not affect (more precisely, affect the energy efficiency of your home as well as two or three small windows).
In total, a panoramic glazing unit as in the photo below (size 2.2 by 6 meters) with installation will cost around 350 thousand rubles. As you can see, it is composed of several blocks. Small double blocks for bedrooms already cost around 100 thousand rubles. Complete with underfloor heating, such a solution can be just perfect for decorating a home in a modern style. In addition, such a house is much easier to resell in the future.
10. A suspended ceiling will make your interior look twice as expensive
Not only is it a great home investment for a potential buyer or resale, it is also your standard of living for years to come. A plasterboard suspended ceiling with built-in lighting is best done anywhere – in the living room, kitchen, hallway, bedrooms and bathrooms.
Only you need to choose not a film (PVC) ceiling, the quality of which depends primarily on the conscientiousness of the contractor (and they also have a smell and the possibility of mold formation behind the ceiling!), But a fabric one, which is mounted without a heat gun and at the same time is environmentally friendly, practical to use … With special ventilation grates, mold cannot form in the fabric.
With lamps, the fabric ceiling will “eat” 10 cm in height (with an incandescent lamp) and 6 cm (with an MR-16 type bulb), so it is better to mount it only in houses with a ceiling height of 2.8 m. If the ceilings are lower, you can decide the problem of additional lighting with special hanging lamps in the loft style. published by econet.ru
Subscribe to our Yandex Zen channel!
If you have any questions on this topic, ask the specialists and readers of our project here.
PS And remember, just by changing your consumption – together we are changing the world! © econet