In many suburban areas there is a problem with communication and connection to the wireless Internet. But you can catch him.
Today I will not tell you about some mega-projects like building a “cluster for AI from parts from a landfill” or something too abstruse like another series about GPGPU calculations on a bag of miner cards. Today I will tell you about a simple, understandable and close to many – how you can make “at least some kind of Internet where there is none.”
Internet in the village
I live in a very interesting village – it is located next to the highway to the regional center along which a fiber-optic trunk cable runs to our nearest city, which is also a depressed regional center. If in the city there is a “city-forming enterprise” – a prison-type mental hospital for maniacs and other especially dangerous mentally ill who have committed grave and especially grave crimes, and of the 25 thousand population, half of the population actually remained, and all the others have moved out somewhere to work – I think everything about such a city is clear.
As a result, there is simply no Internet in our village. For the whole village, there is one phone to which Rostelecom refuses to connect ADSL, of course there is no cable Internet, and mobile communication works like this – in order to call somewhere you need to look for a long time with the phone for a place where the signal pulls out at least one division, but it is better to climb on attic.
Somehow the 3G modem Huawei E160G works normally in EDGE or UMTS mode, rarely, rarely switching to HSDPA, and the indicator does not even show the signal strength. And then he only clung to Megaphone, for which I had a SIM card with an old tariff of 25 GB for 250 rubles. Under these conditions, 120 kbps communication has been a harsh reality for the last 4 years. I think the situation is very familiar to many “painfully”.
Of course, I made attempts to provide myself with faster Internet – but cruel failures awaited me. Nobody wanted to make cable Internet in our village.
There was not much hope until I came across a mention that a 4G network was deployed in the region by the MTS operator last year. And then googling and streamlining my and others’ experience, I decided to try to make myself an Internet connection. The solution is quite trivial – a 4G USB modem on a homemade mast above the roof level + a router in the attic + a cable to the house to an intermediate hub for 5 ports and then to a laptop.
Kind people on Samizdat suggested that MTS has a 4G unlimited tariff suitable for a modem. I had a router, slightly worn out by my experiences with TP-LINK TL-MR 3020 to which I turned the WiFi antenna path when I tried to connect an external one. As a result, WiFi practically did not work, but the router itself was alive and well. There have already been a lot of articles about them on Habré, so I think everyone knows what it is about. But I will still post a photo, although not my hero.
Mine is like this, model V1.
The firmware was updated to the last one, WiFi was turned off in the settings, which still did not work and I went to the city to the MTS salon. Where the coveted SIM card and 4G MTS modem of model 829FT was bought, which turned out to be the good old Huawei E3372H, only locked under the MTS.
I did not unlock it, the SIM card is still MTS. In addition to him, a couple of IP56 electrical boxes, a piece of black corrugation, ties, lugs for a network cable, a two-wire half-square wire and an automatic machine with a 6A box as the cheapest were bought in the hardware store. I had a USB extension cable like a Chinese 3G 4G antenna Huawei external. I won’t say how effective it is, but I added it “just in case”.
I placed the modem in a smaller box on an extension cord, gluing it with hot glue along the connector so that it did not fall out, it was also glued to the box hermetically sealed corrugation, the box itself was screwed to a stick and this structure was installed on the house, so that the modem was raised above the roof of the house meters by 2. A hole was drilled in the wall through which the corrugation with a USB cable was seized inside. Where in the ridge beam the second box was screwed into which the router itself and its power supply settled, from which the 100 Mbit cable and the 220V power cable went through the box to the machine and the 5-port hub which is installed next to the ceiling in the room. All this was filmed for clarity.
The first video, preparation and tests with the E352 3G modem.
Here is a video where everything is shown already in working version.
The machine through which the router is powered provides security in case of any problems and also serves to force the router to reboot by resetting the power. Next to the vending machine is an outlet with a power supply for the hub and a 5-port Gigabit D-Link hub itself. I had no other small hubs. By the way, the hub was bought at a flea market for 100 rubles without a power supply unit, but it turned out to be a worker, although it demanded to buy a non-standard power supply unit for 7.5 V.
Everything was connected, turned on, and after 15 minutes of setup – the old router worked great with Huawei E3372 – I got just wonderful speed for me – 15 Mbps for uploading and 10 Mbps for uploading according to the 2IP site test. Compared to 120 kbps at its best, the internet just flies! And finally, videos on YouTube began to load not in 6 hours, but in 30 minutes maximum.
The main costs of the project are 2500 r 4G modem, 560 r sim card with Internet for a month, 500 r corrugated boxes-ties, wire, automatic machine with a box, twisted pair cable lugs. I already had a router, a piece of twisted pair 5E of sufficient length and a USB extension cable 2 meters, as well as a hub with a power supply.
I am satisfied with the result of the project, I have got Internet “not infuriating with brakes” and not for so much money, taking into account my conditions. But all sorts of “Internet signal amplifiers” were useless for me, the forest between me and the city blocked the signal and saved only the rise of the modem to a great height.
The fact that the modem in the box in the sun can overheat and fail in a year – I believe that in a year it will pay for itself for me many times over. If it is lowered to the level of the roof ridge, or even placed inside the house, everything returns to normal, 4G simply does not connect, there is no signal. I hope you my experience “Catching the Internet in the village” will be useful and will help to provide a more decent connection, if not at home, then at the dacha or with relatives in the village.
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