The essence of insulin resistance lies in impaired blood glucose homeostasis. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, is responsible for the correct concentration of glucose in the blood. Insulin promotes the passage of glucose through the cell walls inside. However, in the case of insulin resistance, even if the insulin level is normal, the cells of the body become resistant to it.
Insulin has a neutral effect on them. Those with diabetes often have insufficient amounts of the hormone, which must be replenished with injections or pharmacological medications. I have noticed an ever-increasing number of patients with insulin resistance. This is a serious sanitary problem in the 21st century.
We need to realize what kind of disease we are facing. Every cell in our body can be compared to a house with locked doors. After all, to open the door, we need a key. The equivalent of the key in the body is insulin. We return home tired, hungry, we want to cook something to eat, we have all the necessary food with us, we stop in front of the door and start a long search for the keys … Found it! We found the key, but – an unpleasant surprise. He doesn’t come to our door.
We face the same situation in the case of insulin resistance. Cells need glucose to work properly, but in order for it to get inside, we need insulin. Those with insulin resistance have both glucose and insulin, but it turns out they also have a closed door with a new lock. They themselves changed it unwittingly through violation of the basic rules of healthy eating.
Insulin resistance concerns primarily skeletal muscle cells and adipose tissue, as well as liver cells. Many symptoms are caused by cell hunger, cells need glucose, which they don’t get. The consequences of insulin resistance are, first of all, disorders of fat metabolism in our body, giving symptoms of abdominal obesity.
Signs of insulin resistance
Here are some of them:
- chronic hunger and the need to eat up;
- headache, drowsiness, numbness;
- restless disturbed sleep;
- gelatinous body, tendency to retain water in the body;
- hormonal disorders (polycystic ovary).
Fat is deposited around the waist, which can be ≥ 94 cm for men and ≥ 80 cm for women. This phenomenon is facilitated by an increased level of triglycerides ≥ 150 mg / dL in serum and a reduced level of “good” cholesterol (HDL), which protects against the deposition of atherosclerotic plaques in the blood vessels. The HDL parameter considered dangerous is <40 mg / dL for men and <50 mg / dL for women.
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Violation in the body provokes an increase in blood pressure ≥ 130/85 mm Hg. Art., followed by the development of diseases of the cardiovascular system, non-alcoholic fatty degeneration of the liver, polycystic ovary syndrome. Insulin resistance is the cause of many diseases: hormonal disorders; disorders associated with the distribution of body fat; hypertension. Thus, a vicious circle is created that can potentially lead to life threatening, causing type 2 diabetes.
The development of insulin resistance is influenced by many factors:
- excessive amount of sugar in the food taken;
- alcohol abuse;
- lack of physical activity;
- ignoring food intolerances and allergies;
- disturbed bacterial flora;
- overwork, accompanied by a lack of rest;
- chronic stress – increased levels of cortisol (stress hormone);
- taking pharmacological drugs: glucocorticosteroids, diuretics (thiazide, loop), oral contraceptives, calcium channel blocker (taken most often for heart disease);
- too long breaks between meals and evening overeating.
Insulin resistance tests
A referral from a therapist is required for tests that prove the absence of insulin resistance. A number of studies include a sugar curve.
Sugar curve: blood is donated on an empty stomach. Therefore, the patient is given 75 grams of glucose, then the next test is done two hours after the glucose is given (for fasting insulin: up to 24 U / dl).
In the process of eliminating insulin resistance, several rules must be followed:
- Losing body weight by even 10% lowers insulin resistance. A 5-7 kg gain in body weight doubles the risk of type 2 diabetes, and an 8-11 kg gain triples the risk of diabetes.
- It is necessary to eat 5-6 balanced meals daily with a break of 3-4 hours.
- We should eat our first breakfast immediately after waking up. You cannot drink morning coffee on an empty stomach!
- The diet should contain natural and whole grains, vegetables, seeds, nuts, dry legumes, animal and vegetable protein, high-quality fat, sufficient amounts of vitamin C, PP, B5 (pantothenic acid), B6, zinc, chromium, obtained from food ( all these components are found in natural products).
- It is necessary to drink 1.5-2 liters of liquid a day. It is worth limiting yourself to coffee and tea, as they interfere with sugar management.
- The diet should be rich in omega-3 acids found in fish, seeds, oil. It helps to equalize the concentration of glucose in the body, improves the sensitivity of cells to insulin and reduces the risk of myocardial infarction.
- You cannot drink alcohol in any form.
- It is worth additionally taking vitamin D (excess adipose tissue leads to a violation of the metabolism of this vitamin)
- You need to move more, go for long walks about three times a week.
- We must learn the relaxation technique. published by econet.ru
According to Bozena Kropka’s book, “Your second brain is your intestines. Book-compass on the invisible connections of our body “
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* Articles from Econet.ru are intended for informational and educational purposes only and do not replace professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always consult your doctor for any questions you may have about your health condition.