Many gardeners are wondering: what to plant in a shady area? The natural solution is to plant shade-tolerant and shade-loving plants in an area with insufficient lighting.
The range of such plants is surprisingly large and varied. Most of them are cold-resistant perennials, among them there are shrubs, as well as people from the forest. There are even creepers, for example, a prince or a woodcutter. One- and two-year-olds put up with the shadow: ageratum, summer adonis, pansies, erect marigolds, daisy, petunia, forget-me-not, lobelia, lunaria, sea lobularia, mimulus, two-horned matthiola, nemesia, matricaria, nasturtium, cineraria.
What to plant in a shady area
When decorating a shady area with plants, it must be remembered that the shadow is different: the shadow under deciduous trees is different from that under conifers, and a completely different shadow is created by deaf fences and structures.
Diffuse shade under the clear canopy of deciduous trees is acceptable for a wide variety of different plants. In the conditions of diffused shade, the inhabitants of the forests will feel good, which, in general, never receive direct sunlight. Plants that grow well in diffused shade include cinquefoil, aquilegia, round-leaved hoof, wild violet, heuchera, three-leafed arizema, hosta, basil and others. Most shade-loving plants will thrive in light shade under the openwork crown of deciduous trees. Early spring plants that bloom before the leaves bloom on the trees are also a good solution for such a site.
The situation is worse if a thick shadow reigns on the site. Deep shade usually predominates under the canopy of coniferous plants, or large shrubs often become its “creators”: chokeberry, viburnum, irga, lilac, hawthorn. The ground under these plants is illuminated, but direct sunlight never gets there. Such areas have their own microclimate: little light, summer temperature drops are insignificant, humidity is higher than in the garden area as a whole, snow melts there much longer in spring.
Due to the small amount of light, the range of plants that will feel good here is much smaller than in the case of a light shade. Only forest plants will grow in dense shade. You should pay attention to shade-tolerant shrubs and plants with interesting foliage. Arranging a lush flowerbed in dense shade is very difficult. A flowerbed in dense shade should not be planted tightly, and it is recommended to cover bare open areas with mulch, then the flowerbed will have a complete look.
If deciduous trees and shrubs create a dense shade, then the situation can be improved by simply cutting off the lower branches. Then more light will penetrate under the crown, creating more comfortable conditions for plant growth.
The most difficult type of shade for horticulture is areas that are not just shaded but do not receive any sun at all, including stray sunlight. Such areas are usually the result of a combination of walls or solid fences with old trees. And if, in the case of a deep shadow, pruning of trees turns a dark shadow into a light one, then in this case, such pruning will do nothing. You can replace a solid wooden fence with an openwork wrought iron fence or picket fence, which will help improve the situation. However, if the purpose of the fence is privacy, then removing the fence is not an option.
In a heavily shaded area, quite a few plants can grow. It is advisable to use small architectural forms here. You can pave this area and make it a place for relaxation and tea drinking. Any water object or sculpture can be installed here. And be sure to put a bench that will allow you to fully enjoy the shade on a hot summer day. In a sultry summer, such a shady place can be a real salvation.
On a sultry day, a shady place can be salvation
There are a few more considerations to consider when creating a shade garden. If trees create shade in the area, your plants will have to compete with them for nutrients and water. In this case, proper watering and feeding is very important, since the soil quickly depletes the supply of nutrients.
Under tall deciduous trees, there is usually a “dry” shadow: their developed root system does not leave much room for the roots of plants and flowers and sucks out all available moisture from the soil, while the leaves block access to rainfall. Such shade is one of the most difficult and problematic areas for gardeners, however, there are some shade-tolerant plants and flowers that can more or less successfully exist in such an environment. First of all, these are bulbous and small-bulbous plants, such as crocus, kandyk, snowdrop (galanthus), white flower, muscari, poultry, redwood, pushkinia and others.
Shade-loving bulbous almost always bloom in spring, the rest of the time they delight us with beautiful leaves. Generous mulching is an obligatory part of caring for flowers in a shady dry area, which should be done every year in the spring, when the soil is warmed up and saturated with moisture. While leaf mulching helps to retain moisture in the soil, a layer of leaves that is too heavy can cause disease or even kill your plants. Especially in autumn, care must be taken to ensure that flowers growing under deciduous trees do not end up buried under a thick layer of fallen leaves.
Unlike most deciduous plants, the soil on which conifers grow tends to be acidic. Most common woodland plants thrive in slightly acidic soil environments with a pH of 6–6.5. Azalea, rhododendron, and blueberry thrive in soils with a pH of around 5.5.
Garden under the canopy of conifers
Understanding the features of the growth of plants in different lighting conditions and taking into account the trees adjacent to them can push you to create a themed garden in a shady corner of a suburban area. For example, framed by conifers, you can create a “sour” meadow or a hill of lingonberry berries. You can turn a shaded area into a “forest corner” by filling it exclusively with aliens from the forest. Or arrange in such a corner a garden of only ferns, planting it with ferns of forest and ground cover species. Such a thematic garden will become the “highlight” of the site, emphasizing the individuality of the estate.
In the proposed material, we will discuss interesting garden solutions for shady areas, as well as identify the best plants for a shady garden in categories such as shrubs, perennials, bulbs, groundcover and vines. published by econet.ru
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