Many people underestimate the importance of vitamin K for health and longevity. It regulates blood clotting, strengthens the heart muscle, and participates in the accumulation of calcium in bone tissue. Its deficiency can cause atherosclerosis and osteoporosis in middle age.
With a sufficient amount of vitamin K, the risk of fractures decreases, the work of the heart and blood vessels improves. Therefore, it is important to monitor nutrition, remember the prevention of vitamin deficiency. Find out the main symptoms of a deficiency of a valuable micronutrient to prevent complications.
How to understand that the body lacks vitamin K
Vitamin K deficiency symptoms
A decrease in the level of a trace element occurs with improper nutrition, after a strict diet with numerous restrictions. Its level drops in diseases of the intestines and digestive system: colitis, dysbiosis, indigestion. The problem is common with liver disease, which stops absorbing vitamin K from food.
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Symptoms associated with vitamin K deficiency include:
- anemia with a constant feeling of weakness, drowsiness, irritability;
- chronic fatigue;
- violation of the menstrual cycle;
- blood in the feces;
- frequent nosebleeds;
- memory problems.
One of the characteristic symptoms of vitamin K deficiency is that the blood does not stop for a long time in case of cuts and injuries.
How to take vitamin K correctly
In most cases, a person does not need treatment, and a correct diet helps to replenish the supply of a useful substance. The body absorbs vitamin K well from foods if it is balanced with other substances: magnesium, calcium, vitamin D.
When released into the blood, these mineral compounds work closely together. Vitamin K stimulates the accumulation of magnesium in the heart muscle, protecting it from heart attack and ischemia. In combination with vitamin D and calcium, it increases bone density in osteoporosis, prevents fractures that are dangerous for the elderly.
Therefore, when compiling a diet, consider the following advice from doctors and nutritionists:
- With high blood pressure, watch out for increased intake of magnesium, which protects against hypertension, arrhythmias.
- To maintain strong bones, the ratio of magnesium, calcium and vitamin K should be 1: 1: 2.
- In case of atherosclerosis, be sure to use it at the same time as vitamin K to protect against calcium deposits in the vessels. The compound stimulates the production of a special protein that makes the lining of the arteries more elastic
But remember that in the summer we get some of our vitamin D from the sun’s rays when we are outside. Therefore, before taking food supplements or mineral complexes, consult your doctor, do a laboratory test that will help you adjust the dosage.
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* Articles from Econet.ru are intended for informational and educational purposes only and do not replace professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always consult your doctor for any questions you may have about your health condition.