When choosing between a stove and a fireplace, it is important first of all to decide what is most important for you – a decorative or heating function.
In a country house or in the country, it is necessary to provide heating and a stove for cooking. And any developer will be faced with a choice – after all, you can lay out a fireplace or a brick stove, install a stove, buy electrical appliances, etc. So, what to choose – a stove or a fireplace? Or maybe both at once?
Fireplace or stove
- Let’s start with the fireplace
- Why a stove and not a fireplace?
- Heating stoves
- Firewood for fireplace
- We design in advance
- Hard case
- Look for a master
This is not an idle question, and a mistake can be costly. You should proceed from the principle of expediency, taking into account the pros and cons of various options, and clearly understand what you want to get in the end. To begin with, we will consider several heating devices, evaluate their advantages and disadvantages.
Let’s start with the fireplace
The fireplace in the form in which we are accustomed to imagine it appeared in Western Europe in the Middle Ages and since then has practically not changed. In fact, it is a stone hearth with an open portal and a straight chimney. Undoubtedly, it is very beautiful when you have a living fire in your house, allowing you to enjoy the warmth and contemplate the bizarre play of flames. But the firewood burned out, and very soon the heat began to disappear somewhere.
This is explained by the fact that only fire emits heat, and because of the large volume of air passing through the portal, little is accumulated in the walls of the fireplace. That is why poor Europeans heated their sheets with irons and slept in nightcaps. Therefore, remembering that we live in Russia, we will not consider the fireplace as the main source of heat. However, given its special aesthetic qualities, we will return to it later. For now, let’s talk about stoves.
Why a stove and not a fireplace?
The art of laying stoves in Russia has been at a high level since ancient times. But furnaces of the modern type began to appear only in the Peter the Great era. The decree of Peter 1 of 1718 banning the construction in St. Petersburg of houses with chimney stoves and wooden pipes gave impetus to the development of brick production, as well as cast iron for stoves and ceramic tiles.
By the way, due to the use of Dutch-type smooth painted tiles in the decoration of stoves, our heating stoves were mistakenly called Dutch. However, it has been documented that in the 18th-19th centuries, Russian stove art occupied a leading position in Europe. History has even preserved the names of some outstanding stove-makers of the past: Martyn Vasiliev, Ermolai Ivanov, Ivan Stepanov. So we have something to be proud of and someone to look up to.
Let’s now figure out how the Russian stove art differs from the Western “Kaminnoye”. Or more simply: why a stove and not a fireplace? It’s all about the principle of work. Stoves are more complex heating devices than fireplaces. They accumulate the thermal energy of the combusted fuel, and then radiate it evenly for a long time.
At the same time, the heat given off by the stove will be soft, cozy and invigorating. And a properly folded stove is very economical, provided that it is heated correctly. The efficiency of various types of stoves is approximately 80%, and fireplaces with an open portal barely reaches 20%. Thus, with a score of 4: 1, the furnaces win. Well, the option “stove-fireplace” wins unconditionally.
So, if you decide to put a stove in your house, then it remains to choose which one – heating, heating and cooking or combined with a fireplace. Each of the proposed options is good in its own way, the choice depends only on the task at hand, your personal preferences and the possibilities of practical implementation of the plan.
These units are designed to heat, as a rule, one or two rooms. Their dimensions vary depending on the area to be heated. For example, for a room with an area of 20 m2, a stove with dimensions of 500 x 750 x 2000 mm is sufficient, provided that the house is well insulated.
Such a stove, folded in the corner of a room, takes up very little space, and lined with ceramic tiles, and even with a glass furnace door, can become a real decoration of the interior. For two rooms, the heated surface of the oven is doubled. Such a stove is placed on the border of adjacent rooms, and in this case it makes sense to think about whether to make it a heating and cooking stove. These are the so-called “Swedes”.
Being multifunctional, they are ideal for summer residents who like to make blanks, dry mushrooms, berries, etc. Some ovens have two operating modes: summer and winter. Summer mode allows you to use the hob without heating the entire oven. This often helps with prolonged power outages. And now we get to the fun part.
These are combined fireplace stoves – universal heating devices that combine the practicality of stoves and the aesthetics of fireplaces. The inclusion of a fireplace in the design of the stove is almost always associated with the need to develop a project. The increased cross-section of the chimney pipe of the fireplace stove allows you to connect additional heating devices on the upper floor of the house to it (metal stoves and factory-made fireplaces).
Firewood for fireplace
Returning to the topic of fireplaces, you should pay attention to the fact that fireplaces with an open portal are quite capricious and sometimes unsafe. Not all firewood is suitable for them. Aspen and conifers tend to shoot off burning sparks, and logs that are not dry enough will simply smoke. However, you can avoid the above troubles by closing the portal with glass doors. At the same time, the fireplace works as a direct-flow oven, increasing the heat transfer of the entire structure.
We design in advance
Now about how to bring the project to life. An ideal option can be considered when already at the design stage of the house you know what kind of stove you will have and where it should be located. With this in mind, the furnace foundation is laid ^. Logs, floor beams and rafters are mounted so as to ensure a through passage of the chimney. But this is not always the case. Often, the stove foundation is made with a long-term perspective. The option is acceptable, but the costs are usually inevitable.
In this case, the choice of the furnace design may be limited by the area of the foundation, the location of the ceiling of the house and other factors that are not always possible to get around. But you shouldn’t despair. There will certainly be a compromise option. In some cases, with insufficient foundation area, small outboard consoles are acceptable. The ceiling beam that interferes with the passage of the pipe can be cut, and the remaining parts of it can be firmly connected to the neighboring ones. It is allowed to make changes in the design of the furnace by displacing the pipe in the right direction. It all depends on the specific situation.
Finally, consider the most difficult case: there is a house, but there is no stove foundation, but a stove is needed. First, you need to choose the type and approximate location of the future furnace, then, according to the drawings or indirect signs, study the structures of floors, roof trusses and calculate the optimal course of the chimney. With this in mind, on the floor, you can draw the outline of the future stove and make a cutout in the flooring along it with a small indent.
After that, a decision is made: either to additionally fasten the floor logs to be trimmed, or, if there is only one log and does not really interfere, bypass it during the construction of the foundation, leaving gaps on all sides. The type of foundation (monolithic, columnar or other) is selected depending on the specific conditions and mass of the furnace. It must be remembered that there must be waterproofing between the foundation and the base of the furnace.
Choice of materials
A furnace is a structure designed for long-term use (at least 25-30 years) without major repairs. Therefore, your presence will not be superfluous when purchasing materials and products for it. Pay particular attention to the quality of the brick. Well-fired oven bricks have a uniform rich terracotta color and, when struck with a hammer, produce a ringing sound.
A stove made of such a brick will last a long time. In contrast, a pale, uneven color and a dull sound emitted indicate poor material quality. It is necessary to choose very carefully and furnace cast iron casting, especially the furnace door. If a cracked grate or hob is easy to replace, then installing a new fire door is fraught with certain difficulties.
You should also be aware that the steel wire used when installing the doors should not be thinner than 3 mm. The reliability of the fastening depends on this, especially the firebox door. It is worth considering that in the specification of consumables in booklets and magazines by which you choose a stove, the required number of bricks, excluding the pipe, is often indicated. It is very easy to calculate their additional quantity.
For a stove section of 4 bricks, 60 pieces are needed per linear meter, and for a chimney section of 5 bricks – 75. Multiplying these figures by the length of the pipe, we get the required number of bricks. For example, for a medium-sized “Swede” you need 460 bricks for the oven itself and 240 for a 4 m long pipe. As a result, you get 700 bricks.
Look for a master
The oven is laid according to the project. Whom to entrust this work, you. It should only be noted that the laying of the stove is a rather complicated but interesting creative process. And you may well become a participant, discussing the design, materials and decorative elements of your future stove. And for this, make the right choice. The earth is full of rumors – look for a master. Do not trust inexperienced builders to work – it can get expensive! Don’t repeat these mistakes and you will succeed. published by econet.ru
Subscribe to our Yandex Zen channel!
If you have any questions on this topic, ask the specialists and readers of our project here.
PS And remember, just by changing your consumption – together we are changing the world! © econet