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The basics of vertical gardening

The basic principle of vertical gardening is to grow ornamental climbing plants on special supports.


Vertical gardening is the cultivation of ornamental plants not in the beds and flower beds, but on various supports, walls, arches, pergolas. Various buildings on the site look amazingly beautiful when they are entwined with various plantings. The use of climbing plants in the garden allows you to increase the area of ​​green spaces, equip the most unexpected parts of the garden and realize the most daring and unexpected fantasies.

What is vertical landscaping?

With the help of vertical gardening, you can disguise a nondescript barn or other outbuildings, give picturesqueness to a blank fence. With the right approach, these plants not only do not spoil the walls of buildings, but, on the contrary, protect them from slanting rains. Growing up, moisture-loving plants take away excess moisture from the foundation and walls of the house, thereby creating a favorable microclimate in the house itself.

The most common climbing and climbing plants are used to decorate the entrance to the house. Usually, a support is built in the form of a lattice or pergola, a wire is pulled over which plants can curl. It is preferable to use perennials (maiden and Amur grapes, honeysuckle, honeysuckle, clematis, climbing rose).

The grapes are especially decorative in the autumn, when the leaves acquire a unique burgundy color. Roses are planted a little further from the entrance, primarily because of their sharp thorns. If there is a terrace in front of the house, its walls can be decorated with clematis, climbing roses, ampel plants. Of the annual plants, the most suitable are: morning glory, ornamental beans, bindweed, sweet peas.

The basics of vertical gardening

Various types of grapes are usually used to decorate the walls: cultural, maiden (parthenocissus), Amur, fox, coastal. They are distinguished by fast growth rates, are undemanding to soil fertility, and take up little space.

However, some of the grapes are not hardy enough and require shelter for the winter. In the northern regions grapes winter well: Amur, rocky and maiden five-leaf grapes. Annuals, such as morning glory, azorina, etc., look good on the southern walls.

For landscaping low walls, you can use winged tunbergia, tricolor bindweed. Canary and ampel nasturtiums are planted on the eastern and western walls. The honeysuckle honeysuckle has the highest decorative effect, forming cascades of white, pink and yellow flowers in May.

The basics of vertical gardening

Many of these plantings require different types of supports. Climbing plants such as ivy and wild grapes attach themselves to walls, but without special structures they can destroy them if there are gaps between the bricks and cracks in the plaster. Creeping plants are tied to supports or special rings are hung for them.

For most others, supports are installed in the form of horizontally stretched wire or decorative wooden lattices nailed to the wall. For these purposes, even a dried tree can be adapted, which creates an unusual decorative element on the site without the use of special structures.

According to the method of climbing, all climbing and climbing plants are subdivided into: leaning, kornelazyushchie, climbing and tendril-bearing.

The basics of vertical gardening

Leaning plants do not have special climbing organs; they are fixed on supports using thorns and thorns. Of the plants in this group, the most common are some types of roses, blackberries, monsters, etc.

Cornelants plants use adventitious roots and their specific secretions to anchor on supports. The most favorable conditions for the existence of such plants are sufficient shading and high air humidity. The group is represented by ivy, some types of hydrangeas, ficuses, etc.

Curly the plants are fixed on supports with rotating shoots. Growing young shoots are usually long and vigorous. Leaves are often underdeveloped and shortened, since the shoots that form them perform only a fixing role. Among woody plants of this group, the most common are: actinidia, woodworm, honeysuckle, lemongrass, etc.

Antennae plants are equipped with sensitive tendrils of leaf or stem origin, with the help of which they attach to supports. This group includes different types of grapes, passionflower, etc. published by econet.ru

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