The psychological aspects of personality play a huge role in our life. They represent risk factors for some of the most common disorders such as insomnia, hypersomnia, and parasomnia. Psychological aspects of activity (especially in conditions of hard work and extreme situations) are often the causes of psychosomatic diseases. They are also factors in many positive events and transformations that can change a person’s life, help cope with difficulties and even endure inhuman pain.
Psychological aspects of sleep disorders
Likewise, poor habits such as smoking, alcohol abuse, a sedentary lifestyle, and an obese diet are risk factors for an underlying sleep disorder such as hypersomnia or obstructive sleep apnea. Excessive daytime sleepiness associated with this diagnosis affects social role, employment, and cognitive function and emotional well-being. This is the social and psychological aspects of sleep disorders. Well, then we will talk about other important manifestations of this all-encompassing phenomenon.
Psychological aspects of pain
Psychological factors can increase or decrease pain. Evidence for these influences includes experimental studies in which scientists manipulated subjects’ mood, attention, expectations and desires for pain relief. Individual factors can decrease or increase pain, and the analgesic effects of placebo appear to be the result of many aspects, including the subject’s (or patient’s) desire to relieve their own condition.
We can talk, for example, about the pain from surgery, because hypnosis was so popular as anesthesia until the middle of the last century, and is still used in some clinics. This fact proves that the psychological aspect is a fundamental phenomenon that governs all areas of our life.
Pain and mood
Further evidence of the above thesis comes from clinical studies that show strong predictive links between mood and pain, mood and disability, and manipulation of placebo effect (or human expectations) and pain. Obviously, there are many similarities between the various psychological mechanisms of pain modulation.
For example, the desire for relief and expectation are integral factors in placebo analgesia, but they also play an important role in the emotional impact on pain in other contexts. All this is a psychological aspect of pain as an integral part of our sensations, which, in essence, are also rooted in our psychology. Much stronger than is commonly believed in our time.
Attention and emotion
On the other hand, attention and emotions at least partially influence pain. The neurophysiological underpinnings of these psychological factors are partially understood, but more work needs to be done to fully understand the underlying mechanisms. In addition, the relationship and interaction of psychological factors with more traditional physiological and drug effects are also poorly understood and are ripe for further research. The experience of pain is never an isolated sensory event, usually it is tied to some very specific physiological context.
However, pain is also influenced by beliefs, attention, expectations, and emotions, whether it occurs under controlled “laboratory” conditions or under conditions of physical trauma and emotional stress. One way or another, the reader should understand that the psychological aspect of pain is a key part of it, and that with the help of psychology it is possible to influence, among other things, physiological processes.
As an example, consider a patient who was in remission with spinal cancer. As she lifted the food bag, she experienced sudden discomfort (muscle tension) in the same area of her back where the tumor had once been located. Her pain in all respects appears to be significantly more intense or unpleasant than in a patient with recurrent muscle tension in the same area of the back.
Psychologists also found that soldiers injured in combat complained much less and required far less pain medication than civilians injured in road crashes. This is the purest psychological aspect of pain. However, below we look at other areas where this overarching phenomenon plays a key role.
The psychological aspect of a person in the context of the physical sphere of life
The physical layer of life includes our health and how we relate to our body. It also includes what we consume, how often we work, wash, how we endure ailments. Our body is the most precious gift we have, and without it we cannot exist. If we are not healthy, we certainly cannot enjoy all other aspects of life. For this reason, loving our body is the first step towards happiness. No matter where we start from, no matter how irreversible we may think our poor health is, it’s never too late to start changing our habits.
A healthy body is a healthy mind, and by taking care of ourselves, we will feel more confident, more motivated, and better in control of our life situation. But in order to truly love your body, you need to think about the psychological aspects of its perception. For example, in the process of development, a person often develops various complexes associated with the body, as well as bad habits.
That is why the most qualified psychologists work with people suffering from dysphoria of all kinds, bulimia, anorexia and other diseases associated with rejection of their bodies. All traumas and disorders come precisely from childhood, which already prompts thoughts about the psychological aspects of development.
Mental realm of life
If you don’t take care of your body, your appearance and health will deteriorate, and the same is true for your mind. The fact that you no longer need to go to school does not mean that you cannot learn new knowledge. The mental sphere should be separated from the mental, since it is solely responsible for thoughts and mental abilities.
However, the role of the psychological aspect is obvious here, because people with serious mental disorders or even depression, for example, have a significant deterioration in mental activity.
The emotional sphere and its importance
It is very easy to forget the importance of managing our emotional background. If we neglect this, we may feel dissatisfied and fall into the abyss of procrastination, despondency, hopelessness. Therefore, it is very important that we allow ourselves to use our feelings, to manifest them, to listen to them. The emotional state is very much connected with the psychological and mental, and together they form our physiological sense of self. It is common knowledge that happy and confident people even get sick much less often than depressed and unhappy people.
Our body, our mind and our emotions are part of a single system. This system is largely tied to psychology – consciousness, unconsciousness, complexes and experiences. It makes no sense to engage in some part of this system in isolation from all the others, because it simply will not lead to anything. The psychological aspect is the link that binds together all his feelings and gives meaning to any of his activities.