Ecology of consumption. Homestead: The window sill is an important element of the interior – it makes the window opening complete and can serve as a shelf for flowers. In this article, we will consider what types of window sills are, their advantages and disadvantages.
The window sill is an important element of the interior – it makes the window opening complete and can serve as a shelf for flowers. In this article, we will consider what types of window sills are, their advantages and disadvantages.
- PVC window sills
- Wooden window sills
- Chipboard or MDF window sills
- Artificial stone window sill
- Glass window sill
- Natural stone window sills
PVC window sills
Plastic window sills are the most common option in city apartments. They are made of the same material as the window profile and have stiffening ribs for strength. There are air chambers inside the PVC profile, which facilitates the construction, but retains its strength.
The advantages of PVC window sills:
- resistance to moisture and sunlight;
- high rates of heat and waterproofing;
- long service life – from 30 to 50 years;
- ease of care;
- low cost,
- strength and durability.
In addition to the advantages, this species has a number of disadvantages. So, in cheap materials formaldehydes can be present, fumes that have a bad effect on human health. There is also a limitation on the load – on window sills with a small number of stiffeners, you cannot place heavy objects, sit or stand on them.
Manufacturers of PFC profiles produce window sills of a wide range of sizes and colors, so it will not be difficult for the buyer to choose the right size and color scheme for any window opening. In addition to the usual white, they can be painted in any color, as well as imitate natural materials with a glossy or matte surface.
Wooden window sills
This type of window sill was popular before the advent of polyvinyl chloride. However, the fashion for all natural is back again and natural wood window sills are again in demand in the construction market.
When choosing this option for arranging the window space, first of all, it is necessary to pay attention to the type of wood from which the window sill will be made. The most reliable are solid oak, maple, chestnut, ash and mahogany. There are simpler and cheaper options from Siberian larch or pine.
Before becoming a full-fledged window sill, wood goes through a number of production processes – it is dried, polished and the surface is treated with oils and wax. To reduce the cost of production, some manufacturers do not use a whole array, but produce multi-layer glued products. If the processing technology is followed correctly, then such a window sill will only slightly yield to solid wood in terms of operational properties, and will cost much less.
The main advantage of such products is their appearance and environmental friendliness. In terms of physical properties, wood is much inferior to plastic – it is afraid of moisture and requires special care. In addition, the topcoat will have to be reapplied every few years.
Chipboard or MDF window sills
Chipboard or MDF window sills are made by pressing and gluing sawdust left over from the woodworking industry. A polymer film or wooden veneer is applied from above for decoration on the pressed and glued material. Such panels have a large number of colors and can imitate the surfaces of natural materials. Panels can be cut to size, and the ends of such a window sill are closed with special plugs
Both of these materials are considered suitable for the manufacture of window sills, but there are certain nuances:
- A chipboard window sill will not withstand a direct hit of moisture on the surface – with prolonged contact, it will begin to swell and deform.
- The MDF product is slightly stronger and more resistant to moisture, but direct contact should also be avoided.
These materials also have advantages:
- low price,
- durability with proper care and protection from water,
- ease of installation,
- an abundance of shapes and colors.
Artificial stone window sill
Artificial stone is an excellent and less expensive alternative to natural stone. In appearance, it practically does not differ from natural, and its physical and aesthetic properties are sometimes much higher.
It is made from mineral filler and polymer resin binders, and various dyes are used to add color. As a result of this technology, a monolith is obtained that is not inferior in characteristics and appearance to natural stone. The high viscosity of the material allows you to completely eliminate the risk of cracks and chips. In addition, the process of installing a window sill made of artificial stone is much easier – it is not so laborious to work with it, and its weight is much less.
Unlike natural, artificial stone is not afraid of spilled liquids, dyes, mechanical stress and ultraviolet rays. Such a window sill does not require special care, it is important to remember only one thing – it cannot be washed with powdered detergents, as the surface can be scratched.
Glass window sill
Glass windowsill is a bold design idea that found its audience relatively recently and now more and more people are paying attention to this material. With the help of glass, you can create a unique window sill in a short time and without a lot of money.
Many people mistakenly believe that glass is an unreliable material that will shatter on the first impact. But this is absolutely not the case, modern technologies make it possible to produce extremely durable glass that is resistant to impact, mechanical damage and scratches.
Tempered glass with a thickness of 10-15 mm is used for the production of the window sill. Its front line is often made rounded, and the side parts are increased to 30 mm for the greatest massiveness of the structure and creating a beautiful relief.
The advantages of this option include ease of installation, low cost, attractive and unusual appearance. The color palette is also rich – there are about 10 glass shades on the market. In addition to plain ones, there are also colored glasses with unusual patterns and decorative elements and inserts.
Natural stone window sills
A natural stone window sill is synonymous with luxury and prosperity. Not everyone can afford such a design solution – the stone is a very expensive and capricious material, but recently this type of arrangement of window space has become popular.
The main rocks in the manufacture are marble, onyx or granite. They are supplied to production in the form of large lumps – slabs, from which window sills will be carved in the future.
The most durable stone is granite, but this rock has one unpleasant property – the ability to accumulate radiation in itself, so when buying, you need to carefully check the documents and certificates.
Marble is slightly inferior in strength, but has a richer palette of colors – from white mother-of-pearl to deep dark. The most beautiful is Indian marble – there are up to 4 different shades in its colors.
Onyx differs from previous versions in its ability to transmit light, which, combined with well-organized lighting, will create a stunning effect. Outwardly, this stone looks like marble, but its cost is much more expensive.
When choosing this material, it is worth considering some features:
- scratches and cracks may appear on the stone over time;
- stained and acidic liquids must not be spilled on the marble windowsill;
- products carved from the same species may differ in color;
- do not expose the material to prolonged contact with water.
It is very difficult to work with natural stone, therefore, in order not to spoil this expensive material, it is better to entrust the transportation and installation of the window sill to professionals.
published by econet.ru
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