Various buildings on the site look amazingly beautiful when they are entwined with various plantings.
The use of molded fruit trees, climbing, climbing and ampelous plants, vegetable and green crops in containers in the garden allows you to increase the area of green spaces, equip the most unexpected parts of the garden and realize the most daring and unexpected fantasies.
Create a wall garden
Main plant groups for a wall garden
- Fruit trees in trellis culture
- Climbing and climbing plants
- Ampel plants
- Garden and green crops
Growing plants near walls has many benefits. There is no wind here, heat accumulates, therefore a favorable microclimate is created, which allows you to grow high-quality varieties of fruit crops and heat-loving ornamental plants.
The basis of a wall garden should rightfully be apple and pear trees in a flattened (“flattened” in one plane) form. The most decorative flattened crown shape is palmette. All branches in such crowns are located in a vertical plane. To form such a crown, the branches are given a position close to horizontal, or the branches are bent at right angles, which restrains their growth and accelerates the onset of fruiting.
This shape is not only beautiful, it improves the quality of the harvest, because all the fruits are well lit. Namely, this is not enough when forming rounded crowns. In addition, the flat shape is ideal for a backyard garden in a small area.
With the help of a wall garden, you can make a smart house, disguise a nondescript barn or other outbuildings, add picturesqueness to a blank fence. With the right approach, plants not only do not spoil the walls of buildings, but, on the contrary, protect them from slanting rains. Growing up, moisture-loving plants take away excess moisture from the foundation and walls of the house, thereby creating a favorable microclimate in the house itself.
Main plant groups for a wall garden
Plants for creating a wall garden can be divided into four main groups for convenience of consideration:
Fruit trees in trellis culture
In the wall garden, fruit trees are grown on trellises. Trellis (from Italian spalliera, from spalla “support, shoulder”) in horticulture is a structure, often lattice, supporting plants. Unlike trellis for climbing plants, which independently cling to supports, on the trellis, shoots of plants cut in a certain way are fixed in the prescribed manner. As a result, the plants do not develop their usual round shape, but artificially flattened, located in one plane.
An artificial crown of small size solves many problems: the lighting inside the crown is excellent, and the number of ovaries during pruning is normalized, and, accordingly, each fruit receives adequate nutrition. By creating decorative forms of fruit crops, annually you can get not only a large harvest of large, beautiful fruits of remarkable taste. The trees themselves will decorate your site. The cultivation of artificial original forms of fruit plants that provide productivity and decorativeness is called molded, or trellis, gardening. Apple trees or pears formed on a trellis can form the basis of a backyard garden.
Climbing and climbing plants
It is difficult to imagine a wall garden without climbing and climbing plants. The most common of them in the middle lane are: various types of wild grapes, clematis, kirkazon, hops, sweet peas, nasturtium, beans. As can be seen from the examples given, this group includes both perennial and annual plants. Climbing plants include edible crops such as actinidia, honeysuckle and grapes.
For wall decoration, it is preferable to use perennials: maiden and Amur grapes, honeysuckle honeysuckle, clematis, climbing rose. In the wall culture, various types of grapes are usually used: cultural, maiden (parthenocissus), Amur, fox, coastal. They are distinguished by fast growth rates, are undemanding to soil fertility, and take up little space.
However, some of the grapes are not hardy enough and require shelter for the winter. In the northern regions grapes winter well: Amur, rocky and maiden five-leaf grapes. The grapes are especially decorative in the autumn, when the leaves acquire a unique burgundy color.
If there is a terrace in front of the house, its walls can be decorated with clematis and climbing roses. Roses are planted a little further from the entrance, primarily because of their sharp thorns. The honeysuckle honeysuckle has the highest decorative effect, forming cascades of white, pink and yellow flowers in May. Of the annual plants, the most suitable are: morning glory, ornamental beans, bindweed, sweet peas, etc.
Recently, it has become popular to decorate loggias, balconies, garden pavilions, verandas, pergolas with flower hanging baskets. They help to liven up a boring wall of a house, decorate a window or an entrance to a house, create a festive mood on a terrace or patio. It is not difficult to create them – there are different types of hanging containers, many of which you can make yourself. Plants are planted in them, as a rule, with ampelous, i.e. hanging, stems, all the beauty of which can be appreciated only by placing this plant at a certain height.
Ampel can be both indoor or greenhouse, and open field plants. The most popular of the hardy ampelous plants are begonia, pelargonium, fuchsia. In addition, bell, petunia, nasturtium, etc. are well suited for open balconies and terraces. In spring and summer, room ampels can be taken out onto the balcony or terrace – ceropegia, Tradescantia, Morgan’s sedum, rosewort, saxifrage, asparagus, nephrolepis, chlorophytum.
Garden and green crops
In addition to flowers, hanging baskets can be planted with spicy herbs, strawberries, tomatoes and eggplants. Vegetable and green crops can be combined with flowers, or you can not add flowers. Ampel tomato varieties, dotted with small red fruits, are very decorative and will successfully replace petunias and surfinia in the garden. The upright spicy greens will create the top end of your composition.
In a back-to-wall garden, vegetables can be placed not only in hanging baskets, but also in conventional containers, which are placed on the shelves of a vertical rack along a well-lit wall. In container culture, vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants work well. Decorative pepper grows well in a confined space, is unpretentious, withstands partial shade, and in the fall it can move to the kitchen window.
In a confined space, salads, spicy and aromatic herbs, as well as onions, cabbage, curly beans, strawberry and common physalis, feel great and develop well. Some aggressive, fast-growing plants, like mint, horseradish, are even useful to plant in containers, and not in the ground, so that they do not suppress the growth of other plants in the garden and do not clog the plantings. published by econet.ru
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